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Prograf

Astellas Pharma, Inc.

Drug Names(s): tacrolimus, FK506, Modigraf (EU)

Description: Tacrolimus (also FK-506 or Fujimycin) is an immunosuppressive drug whose main use is after allogeneic organ transplant to reduce the activity of the patient's immune system and so lower the risk of organ rejection. It is a 23-membered macrolide lactone discovered in 1984 from the fermentation broth of a Japanese soil sample that contained the bacteria Streptomyces tsukubaensis.

Tacrolimus is chemically known as a macrolide. It reduces peptidyl-prolyl isomerase activity by binding to the immunophilin FKBP12 (FK506 binding protein) creating a new complex. This FKBP12-FK506 complex interacts with and inhibits calcineurin thus inhibiting both T-lymphocyte signal transduction and IL-2 transcription.


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